Gardening doesn’t always require dirt. Hydroponics is the science of growing plants without dirt, and it’s rapidly becoming a new way to grow cleaner plants and grow things in areas with bad soil.
What Is Hydroponics?
Hydroponics means “working water.” Plants need sunlight, water, and nutrients to grow, which means they don’t necessarily need dirt. Hydroponics puts plant roots in a nutrient-rich solution to remove soil.
The technique isn’t new — it was used in the hanging gardens of Babylon, and we have records of it used in Mexico, China, and ancient Egypt. The technique was also used in World War II to supply troops with produce and as part of the NASA space program.
But as technology has advanced, scientists have learned more about this process to have more success. particularly in parts of the world with no soil.
What Are the Advantages of Hydroponics?
Hydroponics can provide higher yields than traditional agriculture, and it allows crops to grow in places where the soil couldn’t support growth. This system also reduces the need for pesticides because most pets live in dirt.
Hydroponics can also take less space to grow because they have smaller roots or can grow in a vertical system. Hydroponics can also grow plants year-round, and the system also saves water.
Commercial growers and even backyard farmers are embracing hydroponics because of the many advantages. Some people believe that hydroponics is the way to end world hunger and make the world cleaner.
How Can You Do Hydroponics in Your Garden?
Hydroponics sounds simple, but one of the drawbacks is the complexity of getting the right amount of nutrients and the growing system to get it right. Not everyone may want to spend the money on equipment and resources when they already have a growing space that works fine.
If you want to get in on the hydroponics movement, some stores sell growing systems to make the set-up easier. You’ll also need to have a way to check the plant’s pH balance, nutrient solutions, and plenty of light. You can also build a homemade system to suit your needs and growing space. You will need to study the methods to be sure you are giving the plants the care they need.
Although it may take some effort, hydroponics can be worth the set-up costs for the advantages it provides.